Direct attack on northeast economy: how Daqing breaks through the tight encirclement

  The world economy continues to be in a downturn, with domestic "three-phase superposition" and crude oil "double decline in volume and price"; The support of continuing industries is weak, and the contradictions of structural resources and institutions are concentrated … … There are endless discussions about the economic recession in Northeast China. Daqing, as an important economic support of Heilongjiang Province, has been on the cusp of discussion in the last five years. How to overcome the existing difficulties and achieve a breakthrough, Daqing tries from various angles.

  Daqing High-tech Zone started construction in April 1992, and was approved as a national high-tech zone in November of the same year. At present, it has formed a development pattern of "one zone and three parks" with the main area, Hongwei, Xinghua and Lin Yuan, with a total area of 251.26 square kilometers. At present, the built-up area is 65.4 square kilometers, and the resident population in the area is 190,000.

  According to the development idea of "industrial development park, industrial park development cluster and industrial cluster chain", based on resource endowment and industrial base, a number of leading industrial projects such as Volvo, Zhongwang, Furuibang, 150,000 tons of propylene and Shenwu have been introduced and built, forming petrochemical, automobile and equipment manufacturing, new materials and modern emerging industrial clusters.

  There are 3 universities in the jurisdiction, including Northeast Petroleum University, Bayi Agricultural University and Daqing Campus of Harbin Medical University, 11 scientific research institutes including Daqing Branch of Provincial Academy of Sciences and Institute of Biotechnology of Northeast Linda University, 22 enterprise engineering technology research centers above the provincial level, 4 national-level creative spaces, 18 innovative and entrepreneurial carriers, and the area of incubators and amplifiers is more than 1 million square meters.

  At present, the total number of enterprises has grown to 4,650, including 94 industrial enterprises above designated size, 94 state-level high-tech enterprises, 52 enterprises with incomes exceeding 100 million yuan, 12 enterprises exceeding 1 billion yuan, and 19 enterprises listed at home and abroad and on the New Third Board. The total investment in R&D accounts for 3.68% of sales revenue, and the contribution rate of scientific and technological progress to economic growth exceeds 53%.

  In 2016, it is estimated that the region will achieve a GDP of 68.5 billion yuan, industrial added value of 56.7 billion yuan and fiscal revenue of 2.6 billion yuan; In the comprehensive evaluation of 115 national high-tech zones, anniversary High-tech Zone ranks 33rd and 29th in comprehensive strength, industrial upgrading and structural optimization respectively, and 3rd among 15 national high-tech zones in Northeast China.

  Petrochemical industry: building a million-ton ethylene production base

  Petrochemical industry is one of the important pillar industries in China, and ethylene industry is the core of petrochemical industry, and its ethylene, propylene, butadiene and aromatic hydrocarbons are the most basic raw materials of all chemical products. Daqing No.1 Chemical Plant is affiliated to Daqing Petrochemical Company of China Petroleum and Natural Gas Co., Ltd., with a history of more than 30 years. It is the "cradle" of China’s ethylene industry and has an annual production capacity of 1.2 million tons of ethylene. Since its establishment, it has produced more than 13 million tons of ethylene.

  Daqing Petrochemical Company’s new 600,000-ton/a ethylene plant construction project broke ground in September 2009. The project includes 9 sets of production devices, auxiliary and public works facilities, with 23 main items and 76 sub-items. This project adopts domestic technology, which is the first domestic "large-scale domestic ethylene technology package design" jointly developed by Daqing Petrochemical Company and Global Engineering Company. It has been listed as a demonstration project to accelerate the pace of independent innovation by PetroChina, and also included in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" as a national 863 key scientific and technological research project. This is the project of Daqing Petrochemical Company, which opens a new chapter in Daqing chemical production.

  Daqing Petrochemical Company deeply embedded its own production experience with the contractor’s project management system, fully participated in the whole process of development, design, procurement and construction, explored the "Daqing mode" for the start-up of large-scale ethylene plant construction, and successfully completed the project construction task in only 19 months. On June 30th, 2012, China’s first domestic process package, the first 600,000-ton/year Daqing Petrochemical ethylene plant designed and built by China people, was successfully delivered to China. On October 5th of the same year, qualified ethylene was produced, setting an impressive record of the shortest construction period and successful start-up of the ethylene plant in the northern alpine region.

  The ethylene plant is mainly composed of raw material pretreatment, cracking, quenching, compression, separation, refrigeration and public engineering units. The cracking system adopts USC tubular cracking furnace; The separation system adopts five-stage compression and hydrogenation separation process before depropanization in double towers, which is safe and reliable in operation, low in investment and energy consumption.

  On July 25th, 2013, the device successfully passed the heavy-load operation calibration, and the device was safe, stable and efficient, and all the indexes reached or exceeded the 3A working condition standard. In 2016, the annual ethylene output will be 768,000 tons. In the past four years, the company has made full use of the geographical advantages of Longjiang’s rich resources to adjust the raw materials and product structure in real time. The annual ethylene production capacity is 75 tons, the annual operation hours of the plant are 8,000 hours, and the annual ethylene production capacity exceeds 600,000 tons. The million-ton ethylene production base is well-deserved, which has made outstanding contributions to the development of China’s petrochemical industry.

  Automobile manufacturing: Volvo vehicle manufacturing, technology leading production.

  Volvo’s new S90 long wheelbase limousine is Volvo’s first SPA (Extensible Vehicle Platform Architecture) factory only outside Sweden — — The first global model and flagship product produced by Daqing Volvo Car Manufacturing Co., Ltd. adopts Volvo’s global unified technology, unified procurement, unified manufacturing and unified quality. It won the "2016 Red Dot Design Award" and the "2015 Production Car Design Award" at the Geneva Motor Show, winning unanimous praise from the world’s most critical industry experts.

  The project was undertaken by Daqing Volvo Car Manufacturing Co., Ltd., which is a vehicle production enterprise jointly established by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., Ltd. (50%) and Volvo Car (China) Investment Co., Ltd. (50%) in Daqing City, Heilongjiang Province. The registered capital of the company is RMB 1,666.52 million. The project adopts the most advanced automobile manufacturing and safety technology in the world today to produce luxury Volvo brand passenger cars and new energy vehicles. The planned production capacity is 300,000 vehicles per year, with a total area of 830,000 square meters. The first phase plans to invest 11.5 billion yuan, including 6 billion yuan in fixed assets, mainly producing Volvo 90 series products.

  The board of directors of Volvo Car Group put the newly developed extensible vehicle platform architecture-SPA platform, which consists of shared modules, extensible systems and components, into Daqing construction. The first product of this platform is Volvo S90L. After the completion of the SPA platform in July 2016, it will achieve an annual production capacity of 150,000 vehicles, and more new Volvo models will be put into Daqing factory in the future. On December 15th, 2016, the brand-new S90 long-wheelbase luxury sedan made by Volvo in Daqing was officially launched. Volvo’s brand-new S90 long-wheelbase luxury sedan is the first luxury sedan built by Volvo Daqing Factory based on SPA platform. Daqing Factory strictly implements Volvo’s global manufacturing standard system, and the brand-new S90 long-wheelbase luxury sedan will be sold simultaneously to global markets including the United States and Europe.

  Internet service: Huawei cloud computing, providing data support to the whole world.

  Daqing cloud computing data center project is jointly built by Huawei Software Technology Co., Ltd. and Daqing E-commerce Industrial Park Co., Ltd. Daqing E-commerce Industrial Park Co., Ltd. is responsible for building the computer room environment. Huawei Software Technology Co., Ltd. is responsible for building and installing 2,000 cabinets and internal network equipment, servers, integrated wiring, and deploying cloud series software and solutions, and is also responsible for the operation and maintenance of the data center. After completion, it will provide cloud computing infrastructure support such as data storage, mining, analysis and application to the whole world, and provide related services such as government cloud, business cloud and enterprise cloud to the region.

  The total investment of the project is 1 billion yuan, of which Huawei Software Technology Co., Ltd. plans to invest 700 million yuan according to the project cooperation agreement, which will be used to build and install 2,000 cabinets and internal network equipment, servers, integrated wiring, and deploy cloud series software and solutions, and be responsible for the operation and maintenance of the data center. Daqing E-commerce Industrial Park Co., Ltd. plans to invest 300 million yuan to build basic special equipment such as computer room, electric power, air conditioner, oil engine and UPS. The project construction period is 2016-2018. In 2016, it is planned to invest 400 million yuan to realize the operation of 200 cabinets; By the end of 2017, it is planned to put 1000 cabinets into use; By the end of 2018, it is planned that all 2000 cabinets will be put into use.

  At present, 173 cabinets, servers, storage, switches and other equipment and cloud platform software have been installed and put into use in the outsourcing park and Xinhua 08 computer room. government cloud has been officially launched, and portals and business systems of more than 30 units including the Municipal Industry and Information Commission and the National Development and Reform Commission have been migrated to the cloud platform. The cloud computing exhibition hall has been completed and put into use, and the 14,000-square-meter cloud computing data center is under review. In 2017, it is planned to complete an investment of 400 million yuan to realize the commissioning of 1,000 cabinets. After all the projects are put into use, the annual sales income will be 700 million yuan, the profit will be 50 million yuan, the tax will be 35 million yuan, and 150 new employees will be created.